EU Citizens’ eligibility to vote in the Czech Republic
If you’re an EU citizen living in the Czech Republic, you may be eligible to vote in both municipal elections as well as European Parliamentary elections.
Here’s what you need to know.
As a foreign EU national you are entitled to vote and stand as a candidate in municipal elections in the Czech Republic if:
- you are 18 or over on the second election day (if the election takes place over multiple days)
- you are registered for permanent residence in the Czech Republic as of the election day
- you have not been deprived of your legal capacity to exercise your right to vote
- you are, upon your own request, listed in the addendum to the permanent election roll kept by the respective municipal authority
You are eligible to vote in the municipal election in the Czech Republic if:
- your personal liberty has not been constrained due to serving a term of imprisonment
- your freedom of movement has not been constrained for the sake of protecting public health
Voting in municipal elections is not compulsory.
As a foreign EU citizen you are not eligible to stand as a candidate to become a mayor, however, you may be elected as a member of the Municipal Council.
As an EU national you are entitled to vote in European elections in the Czech Republic if you:
- are 18 or over on the second election day
- have been registered for permanent or temporary residence in the Czech Republic for at least 45 days before the second day of the elections
- have not been subject to constraints on your freedom of movement for public health reasons
- have the capacity to vote
- are on the electoral roll for the European Parliamentary (EP)
If you are an EU citizen, you live in the Czech Republic (for at least 45 days before the elections) and you voted in previous elections to the European Parliament, you will be automatically registered to vote. If you didn’t participate in the previous elections, you will have to register at the local authority in accordance with your residency at least 40 days before the date of elections.
The European Parliamentary election electoral roll is managed by Czech municipal authorities. As an EU national, you can be placed on the electoral roll if:
- you submit a request
- you submitted a request in the previous EP elections and have not asked to be deleted from the electoral roll since
- you are on the electoral roll for municipal elections and ask to have your information transferred to the EP electoral roll.
It isn’t possible to vote by post.
Voting in European elections isn’t compulsory.
When you leave the Czech Republic as a country of residence, you can but don’t need to deregister from the electoral roll at your local authority of residency.
The right to stand as a candidate
As an EU national, you can stand as an MEP candidate in the Czech Republic if:
- you are at least 21 years old on the second election day
- you have not been disqualified for standing in the EU country whose citizenship you hold
- you have been registered for permanent or temporary residence in the Czech Republic for at least 45 days before the second day of the elections
As a candidate, you must, together with the list of candidates, provide a signed declaration that:
- you confirm that you are standing
- you are not aware of any impediments to being eligible to stand (or, failing that, that such impediments will cease to exist as of the EP election day)
- you have not agreed to be included in a list of candidates for the European election, not even in any other EU country.
The declaration should also state:
- your place of residence
- your date and place of birth
- your last place of residence in your home EU country
- a declaration that you are not disqualified from standing in an election in an EU country whose citizenship you hold.
See here, for further information on Temporary and Permanent Residency for EU citizens in the Czech Republic.
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